Superficial lesions limited to the surface of the skin may be suitable for treatment using laser therapy. Alternatively, they can be removed surgically.
Depending on the extent of the cancer, where possible surgery should aim to preserve the penis. If this is not possible due to the size of the cancer, it may be necessary to carry out complete or partial removal of the penis (penectomy). To ensure that the patient remains continent, the surgeons will use plastic surgery techniques to reconstruct the urethra and its opening.
It may also be necessary to remove lymph nodes in the groin and pelvis. After the operation, depending on results, patients may require chemotherapy. Additional radiotherapy may also be advisable in some cases. A precise individual treatment plan will be drawn up by an interdisciplinary tumour board.