Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)
There are various types of prostatitis. The different types are distinguished on the basis of their pattern of occurrence and cause:
- acute or chronic
- bacterial or abacterial
This condition is the most common urological disorder diagnosed in men under 50, and about 10% of men will develop prostatitis at some point in their lives.
Prostatitis is commonly classified using the National Institute of Health classification system:
- Category I: Acute bacterial prostatitis
➔ This is an acute infection of the prostate.
- Category II: Chronic bacterial prostatitis
➔ This is inflammation of the prostate as a result of repeated infections over a period of at least 3 months.
→ 5% of chronic prostatitis is bacterial in origin.
- Category III: Chronic abacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS)
→ No bacteria can be detected.
→ 95% of chronic prostatitis falls into this category.
Category III is divided into the following sub-categories:
- Category III a: Evidence of inflammation can be detected in prostatic secretions.
- Category III b: No evidence of inflammation can be detected in prostatic secretions.
- Category IV: Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
→ The patient has no symptoms, but a prostate biopsy or analysis of prostatic secretions shows evidence of inflammation.